Outflow of Human Capital from Punjab: Imperatives and Implications – A Case Study of Sangrur District Punjab State | Original Article
The objective of this research paper is to analyze the reasons and factors responsible for the mass migration of the youth from Punjab in general and Sangrur District in particular and its implications of the large-scale migration of youth from the villages of Sangrur District to foreign countries. Although, a majority of the youth has migrated to Canada, but some of the youth also have moved to Australia, UK, Germany and other European countries. The young boys and girls have left their native places in search of fulfilling their dreams and in lure of the dollars which has become a status symbol for the families back home. Although, they move overseas for higher education but the main purpose behind their migration is their permanent settlement abroad. Punjab has become one of the major contributorstowards the economy of these countries because of the influx of Punjabi students enrolled in their collegesuniversities. On an average the annualfeesin Canadian Colleges is in the range of 15 to 20 lakh and each year, lakhs of students are migrating to Canada. On the contrary, the enrolment in Punjab colleges is declining very fast and many colleges in Punjab and Sangrur District are facing a heavy crunch for the admission of the students. The youthwho is migrating is very enthusiastic and energetic and has the potential to contribute effectively towards the upliftment of their native villages, districts, and states, participating significantly in the economic development. It is a cause of concern for any country and state whose human capital is compelled to leave because of a feeling that their own country does not offer enough professional opportunities. Even after acquiring high academic qualifications, they have no motivation to stay back. The present paper has been written in the context of Sangrur District of Punjab state, from where thousands of youths migrate every year for better jobs and permanent settlement overseas. The study remains confined to migration to Canada and Australia.