Juvenile Delinquency and Recidivism: An Overview | Original Article
Recidivism in juveniles is a legal notion in criminal law. Juvenile refers to someone under the age of 18 the definition of an adult varies from nation to nation. In India, the Juvenile Justice Act mandates that juveniles convicted of misdemeanors be housed in institutions that offer therapeutic, educational, and vocational programs. The presence of a criminal milieu has influenced many young people to turn to criminal activity as a means of self-expression. In this paper, we discuss two variables that contribute to juvenile recidivism. Firstly, in the adolescent population, a lack of parental oversight contributes to criminal misbehaviour. Juvenile recidivism is fueled by peer pressure. Teenagers who are unemployed or earning low wages are more likely to commit crimes. Secondly, mental health of juveniles is also a hot topic internationally. Suicidal thoughts and behaviours are exacerbated by mental health issues. Depressive illnesses, juvenile detention, and other societal issues combine to create a climate where youth rush to terminate their lives. In light of the 2012 Delhi rape case and after much debate, intensive conversation, and demonstrations, Indian Parliament enacted the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act 2015. The author has explained that howjuveniles can now be disciplined using new methodsunder new legislation and adequately implementing existing ones.