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India-Nepal Relationship AFTER Modi's Rise | Original Article

Niyati Choudhary*, Sandhya Tiwari, in Journal of Advances and Scholarly Researches in Allied Education | Multidisciplinary Academic Research


As an independent nation, Nepal seeks to establish fair relations with India, as this article tries to explain. Nepal is closer to India than any other country in terms of geography, culture, and economics. Nepal has also come to terms with the fact that it cannot ignore its southern neighbor India. With the 1950 Indo-Nepal Treaty of Peace and Friendship and the accompanying secret letters that defined security relations between the two countries, as well as an agreement governing both bilateral trade and trade transiting Indian Territory, the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal and the Republic of India officially began their relationship. As part of his neighborhood first strategy, Modi made his first visit to Nepal in August 2014. As the first foreign leader to address the Constituent Assembly, which is responsible for writing Nepal's new constitution, he had an important role to play. With his words, the Indian government looked to be signaling a new era in India–Nepal relations, drawing plaudits from all political groups in Nepal. The Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) in New Delhi released a series of remarks expressing India's disapproval with Nepal's constitution. Within days after the constitution's enactment, Indian Express cited MEA sources and distributed a seven-point petition for revisions. A significant humanitarian catastrophe has been triggered by the election of nationalistic politician K P Oli as prime minister in Nepal, which has resulted in a widening of the divide between Delhi and Kathmandu, with no prospect of reconciliation in sight.