Article Details

A Comparative Study of Team Dynamics among Different Level of Football Players | Original Article

Apshaimi Ryan Ryngksai, (Mrs.) Saon Sanyal Bhowmik*, Sanjib Kumar Bhowmik, in International Journal of Physical Education & Sports Sciences | Physical Education, Health, Fitness & Sports


Team dynamics are the unconscious, psychological forces that influence the direction of a team’s behaviour and performance (Myers, 2013). The purpose of the present study was to compare the team dynamics among male football players of U-15, U-17 and senior level. The Team Dynamics of 90 male state and national level football players were collected through the Group Environment Questionnaire (GEQ). To determine the difference of Team Dynamics level among players One-Way ANOVA was used for determining the differences across groups and was tested at 0.05 level. The results revealed that there was a significant difference found in the sub factors of team dynamics such as Attraction to Group Social, Attraction to Group Task, Group Integration Social among the levels but significant difference was not seen in the sub-factor of Group Integration Task. Also, results showed that the U-17 football players had significantly high scores on all the sub-factors of team dynamics as compared to the other two levels or groups.